Giáo án Tiếng Anh 10 - Unit 15: Cities

. Non-defining clauses

(mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định)

_ Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định được dùng để cung cấp thêm thông tin cho danh từ mà mệnh đề đó đang đề cập đến.

_ Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định được tách với mệnh đề chính bằng một hoặc hai dấu phẩy (,).

_ My car, which was bought last year, was expensive.

_ Không dùng “that” để giới thiệu mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định

 

doc22 trang | Chia sẻ: lephuong6688 | Ngày: 07/01/2017 | Lượt xem: 260 | Lượt tải: 0download
Bạn đang xem trước 20 trang mẫu tài liệu Giáo án Tiếng Anh 10 - Unit 15: Cities, để tải tài liệu gốc về máy bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên
CE181a CE 181 Date : ngày tháng Time : giờ phút ~ giờ phút Name: _____________________ UNIT 15: CITIES 2. Non-defining clauses (mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định) _ Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định được dùng để cung cấp thêm thông tin cho danh từ mà mệnh đề đó đang đề cập đến. _ Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định được tách với mệnh đề chính bằng một hoặc hai dấu phẩy (,). _ My car, which was bought last year, was expensive. _ Không dùng “that” để giới thiệu mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định _ Hình thức “who, whom” phải rõ ràng. _ Lan, who visited me, was a good teacher. _ Lan, whom I visited, was a good teacher. (không được dùng “that”) _ John speaks French and English. He works as a tourist guide. John, who works as a tourist guide, speaks French and English. CE181b Rewrite the following sentences using non-defining clauses _ Our English club meets weekly on Monday evenings. It has more than 30 members. Our English club, which has more than 30 members, meets weekly on Monday evenings. 1. Tom is going to visit the university next week. I have long admired him. 2. This new stadium will be opened next month. It can hold 90.000 people. 3. Mr John has had to do all his own typing. His secretary resigned 2 weeks ago. 4. John looks intelligent. I want to see him. CE182a CE 182 The comparisons between “defining relative” and “non-defining relative” a. Defining relative clause Subject Object Possessive For persons who who(m) whose For things which which whose / of which + Tiền từ (từ đứng trước đại từ quan hệ) thường là danh từ chỉ chung chung. + Không có dấu phẩy giữa tiền từ và đại từ quan hệ. _ The man who found the key is my student. b. Non-defining relative clause Subject Object Possessive For persons who whom whose For things which which whose / of which + Tiền từ thường là danh từ riêng (Mary, John,), danh từ có sở hữu tính từ đi theo (my, her car), chỉ thị từ (this, that) + Có dấu phẩy giữa tiền từ và đại từ quan hệ. _ Bill, who found the key, is my student. CE182b Combine the following sentences with the relative pronouns _ This is the book. I bought it at the bookstore. This is the book which I bought at the bookstore. 1. John is the man. We are going to recommend him for the job. 2. Hoa is very friendly. She visits me everyweek. 3. John found the cat. Its leg was broken. 4. Do you know Bill? They are talking about him. 5. The man is very hard. His father is a botanist. CE183a CE 183 Underline the relative clauses in these sentences, and indicate if they are defining (D) or non-defining (ND). Add a comma where required (hãy gạch dưới các mệnh đề quan hệ trong những câu sau và xác định xem đó là mệnh đề xác định hay không xác định. Thêm dấu phẩy nơi cần thiết) _ Kyoto which used to be the capital of Japan has many temples. Kyoto, which used to be the capital of Japan, has many temples ND 1. Seoul which hosted the 1988 summer Olympics is well-known for its shopping centers. 2. The subject which we are going to discuss is very important. 3. Arlene Black whom Guy invited onto his chat show never turned up. CE183b Using “who, whom, which, whose” for the correct position of the following sentences _ There are a lot of people who seem to hurry in the street. 1. I know the boy _______ difficulties I understand quite well. 2. I like listening to pop music _______ was sung by Michael Jackson. 3. The clean air _______ people are polluting provides us with a healthy supply of oxygen. 4. You are lucky to work with people _______ ability I can’t bear admiring. 5. Mike, _______ I want to see, looks intelligent. 6. The man _______ visited you last night has just gone on holiday. 7. The doctor _______ we know retired through ill health. CE184a CE 184 Rewrite the following sentences without changing their original meanings _ They visited John yesterday. John was visited yesterday. 1. The boy didn’t begin to learn English until 1990. It was not until__________________________. 2. He will finish his homework soon. His homework __________________________. 3. Mr Brown is coming today. He teaches me French. Mr Brown, who_________________________. 4. The woman has just gone to Paris. His son is my classmate. The woman whose______________________. 5. The teacher has just left here. You met him last week. The teacher whom______________________. 6. We didn’t go out because it rained yesterday. If____________________________________. CE184b Find out the mistakes from the underlined words _ John, who I visited last night, is very friendly. A B C D câu A: whom 1. That airline, which head office is situated in A B England, has recently begun to fly between C D London and Manchester. 2. Do you talk about the girl which John is A B C D interested in? 3. The earth, where is the fifth largest planet in the A B solar system, is the third planet from the sun. C D 4. John, whom met you last night, has just gone to A B C D Paris. CE185a CE 185 Choose the correct answer 1. Arlene Black, ______ Guy invited to his party, didn’t turn up. a. who b. whom c. that d. whose 2. My car, ______ I have just bought for 3 months, broke down. a. which b. none c. that d. who 3. The girl ______ we met last night is a good student. a. who b. whom c. whose d. a and b 4. Mai, ______ works in a foreign bank, speaks English well. a. who b. whom c. whose d. when 5. The film was made in Botswana , ______ wildlife parks are larger than those in Kenya. a. who b. which c. whose d. that 6. Mr David, ______ I teaches English, is very rich. a. who b. whom c. that d. a and b CE185b Gap – filling ___(1)___ first stamp in the world was an English stamp ___(2)___ was made in 1840. Before that time, people paid money to a postman for every letter that they received and ___(3)___ postman didn’t give letters to anybody ___(4)___ didn’t pay him. An English teacher ___(5)___ name was Rowland Hill, thought much ___(6)___ this. One day he ___(7)___ that people who wrote the letters must pay for them. Then the post offices ___(8)___ to sell little pieces of paper with a stamp on them. 1. a. A b. An c. The d. Þ 2. a. what b. which c. who d. whom 3. a. the b. a c. an d. Þ 4. a. whom b. whose c. which d. who 5. a. whose b. whom c. who d. which 6. a. in b. on c. about d. at 7. a. says b. said c. told d. tells 8. a. suggested b. enjoyed c. finished d. began CE186a CE 186 Date : ngày tháng Time : giờ phút ~ giờ phút Name: _____________________ UNIT 15: CITIES C. Although / Though / Even though (mặc dù) _ Là các liên từ đứng trước mệnh đề phụ chỉ sự tương phản của 2 hành động trong câu. _ Even though: nhấn mạnh nghĩa của “though” và “although” S + V although / though / even though S + V (mệnh đề chính) (mệnh đề phụ) _ I’ll invite him to the party although I don’t like him. _ Khi ta viết mệnh đề phụ (although / though / even though) thì ta dùng dấu phẩy giữa mệnh đề chính và mệnh đề phụ.. _ Even though I don’t like him, I’ll invite him to the party. CE186b Combine the following sentences using “though / although or even though” _ I’m no better. I’ve taken the bill. Even though I’ve taken the bill, I’m no better. _ New York is not the capital of the USA. It is the home of the United Nations. Although New York isn’t the capital of the USA, it is the home of the United Nations. 1. He has a very important job. He isn’t well-paid. 2. No one laughed. The joke was funny. 3. We’re not very good friends. We’re known each other for a long time. 4. I had met her twice before. I didn’t recognise her. CE187a CE 187 Rewrite the following sentences without changing their original meanings _ She wasn’t wearing a coat. It was quite cold. Even though it was quite cold, she wasn’t wearing a coat. 1. I thought we had better invite them to the party. I didn’t like them very much. Although_______________________________. 2. My friend Hai can compose folk songs. He sings well. My friend Hai, who______________________. 3. The man is working in the field. His wife is very lazy. The man whose_________________________. 4. The book is very exciting. I bought it yesterday. The book which__________________________. 5. Lan is still watching TV. She has an exam tomorrow. Even__________________________________. CE187b * Chú ý: _ Though / although / even though + a clause _ In spite of / despite + a phrase _ Though / although là liên từ sau chúng là 1 mệnh đề (là 1 câu có động từ chia theo thì). _ In spite of / despite (mặc dù) là giới từ, sau chúng là 1 nhóm từ (1 danh từ hoặc 1 cụm danh từ, hoặc nếu có động từ thì ở dạng “Ving”) _ Although the weather was bad, they still went out. In spite of the bad weather, they still went out. a phrase _ Though he worked hard, he didn’t earn much. Despite working hard, he didn’t earn much. * Lưu ý: khi đổi sang “Ving” với điều kiện 2 câu có cùng 1 chủ từ. CE188a CE 188 Rewrite the following sentences, using “In spite of or despite” _ Although the house was expensive, he still bought it. In spite of the expensive house, he still bought it. _ Though Lan has an exam tomorrow, she is still watching TV. Despite having an exam tomorrow, Lan is still watching TV. 1. Although Jim came to the show late due to the traffic jam, he could see the main part of the show. In spite of ______________________________. 2. Though the book was interesting, she didn’t buy it. Despite________________________________. 3. Although the shops are crowded, people are not buying much. In spite of______________________________. CE188b Find out the mistake from the underlined words _ She is one of the few people to which I look up. A B C D câu D: whom 1. Mary, she is best known for her books for A B children, served as a nurse during the civil war. C D 2. They are the girls whom met me on holiday last A B C D year. 3. The city is a favorite tourist destination for many A B people in spite of it has its problems. C D 4. We often fly to Ha Noi to watch the parade on A B C National Day despite of living in Dong Thap. D CE189a CE 189 Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form _ She (buy) bought this book last week. 1. He (just / go) _______ out. 2. They (have) _______ breakfast at the moment. 3. Lan (often / jog) _______ in the morning. 4. _______ you (know) _______ her for three years? 5. When I (talk) _______ to my father on the phone, suddenly there was a noise in the next room. 6. While I (read) _______ books, my sister (watch) _______ TV last night. 7. _______ you (see) _______ John last night? 8. He (not / get) _______ up early every morning. CE189b Reading _ Mrs. Neumann admired cats so much that she had thirty_eight of them as pets. One day she decided to have a swimming pool built in her backyard. When the workers came to build the pool, she said, “I want the swimming pool to be in the shape of a mouse”. She thought that with so many pet cats she should have at last one mouse. _ The workers thought it was a funny idea. They built a pool that looked like a mouse. It even had a tail and whiskers. The cats, however, did not seem to notice the shape of the pool. They only used it for drinking. _ shape (n) /∫eip/: hình dáng, notice (v) /'noutis/: để ý _ tail (n) /teil/: cái đuôi, whisker (n) /wÙisk∂/: ria mép CE190a CE 190 1. The best title is _______ a. A Pet Dog b. A Pool Shaped Like A Mouse c. A Hospital for Cats d. Going for a Swim 2. Mrs. Neumann had _______ a. 12 dogs b. 32 fish c. 38 cats d. 15 mice 3. The swimming pool was built to look like a _______ a. cat b. box c. flower d. mouse 4. Mrs. Neumann’s cats used the swimming pool when they were _______ a. hungry b. thirsty c. dirty d. sleepy 5. The word “admired” underlined means _______ a. washed b. lost c. hated d. liked CE190b Choose the best answer 1. Mr. David, _______ I spoke to on the phone last night, is interested in our plan. a. who b. whom c. that d. all are correct 2. The person _______ work involves standing for most of the day often suffers from backache. a. whose b. who c. whom d. which 3. _______ my injured foot, I managed to get out of the car. a. Despite of b. Although c. In spite of d. Because of 4. Although _______, she still helped me with homework. a. she is tired b. her tiredness c. being tired d. she was tired 5. _______ of his old age, he still works hard all day. a. Despite b. Because c. In spite d. Though 6. John _______ French for 3 years now. a. learns b. has learnt c. is learning d. learnt

File đính kèm:

  • doccuon 19.doc
Giáo án liên quan