Giáo án Tiếng Anh Lớp 8 - Chương trình cả năm

A.Objectives.

Ss review the following knowledge and then do exercises.

1. Be going to : dự định

o We use “be going to” to express plans or intentions in the near future, it is sure to happen.

For example

We are going to practice piano for two hours this evening.

She is going to travel abroad tomorrow.

o We also use “ be going to ” to predict.

For example

Oh, look ! it is going to rain. Look out, she is going to faint.

They are going to be married next May.

S + Be (am/is/are) + going to + Bare infinitive

2. Adverbs of place.

o We use adverbs of place to show the direction or position of people or things.

For example

He is not outside; Maybe he is inside.

They do not play football here; perhaps, they play there.

She is not upstairs; it is possible that she is downstairs.

Outside: bên ngoài Inside: bên trong

Here: ở đây There : ở đó

Upstairs: ở trên lầu Downstairs: ở dưới lầu

o We can also use prepositon phrases to show place: in, on, at, behind, in front

 of, to the left of, to the right of, on the right, on the left.

 

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Period 1: REVISION Prepare: 6/ 9/ 2009 Teach: 9/ 9/ 2009 Classes: 8A, 8B A. Objectives. By the end of the lesson ss will review the following knowledge: 1. Present simple to talk about general truths. We use the present simple to express general truths. For example. The earth moves around the sun. The moon goes round the earth. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. The bear sleeps during the winter. Today is Monday; tomorrow is Tuesday. Fish lives in the water. Water consists of main elements: Hydrogen and Oxygen 2. Use of “enough”. Enough is put before noun and after adjective. For example She hasn’t enough money to buy a new house. There is not enough time to finish the test. There wasn’t enough room for us to sleep He has enough reasons to be angry. S + V + Enough + N + To-infinitive Enough + N + For + O + To-infinitive The rope is not long enough. She isn’t old enough to drive a car. It is not old enough for her to drive a car. I am fool enough to trust her. S + Be + ADJ + Enough + To-infinitive IT + Be + ADJ + Enough + For / Of + O + To-infinitive * Khi trong c©u cã very, too, quite, much, many... ta bá chóng ®i. FOR CLASS 8A d) Too... to notenough to: Too young = not old enough; too boring = not interesting enough; too short = not tall enough Ex: He is too young to be in my class. = He is not old enough to be in my class. B. Exercises I. Choose the word having the underlined letters pronounced differently. a. happened b. looked c. played d. smiled a. general b. global c. growth d. grape a. waited b. needed c. annoyed d. wanted a. bought b. thought c. ought d. hour II. Choose the best answer The school is a bit far ..my house. a. from b. at c. to d. with They are going to invite him .dinner tonight. a. to b. for c. with d. at Peter doesn’t talk much in public. He’s rather .. a. kind b. reserved c. sociable d. humorous Would you like ..a message. a. to leave b. leave c. leaving d. left He spends most of his time..charity work. a. did b. to do c. doing d. both a & c are correct. Don’t come in. please wait .for your turn. a. inside b. outside c. downstairs d. upstairs. Susan felt .since her boyfriend didn’t apologize for his coming late. a. annoying b. annoyance c. annoyed d. annoys I’m looking forward.the summer vacation. a. at b. for c. to d. None is correct. Look! Nam is playing very well. He .. a. is winning b. is going to win c. will win d. wins Did someone help you draw the picture ? – No, I did it .. a. with one b. myself c. itself d. by me A kitchen is not a(n) .place to play. a. unsuitable b. unsuitability c. suitable d. suitability III. There is a mistake in the four underlined parts of each sentence. Find the mistake and correct it. Tom is in such a hurry that he didn’t stop in the traffic lights. He worked with people who neither speak and hear. The wardrobe is opposite to the desk. Nobody likes him because he behaves bad. Mary bought a new cooking yesterday. IV. Read the following passage, then choose the letter (A, B, C or D) that best fits each of the blanks. Alexander Graham Bell was born in Scotland. He emigrated (1).Canada first and then to the USA in 1870s. In America, he worked with (2) at Boston University. Soon, Bell started experimenting with ways of transmitting (3) ...over a long distance. He worked with Thomas Watson, his assistant. Bell and Watson conducted many experiments. He successfully demonstrated his invention to the public at countless exhibitions, he invented the telephone. By 1877, the first telephone was in (4)..use. 1. A. to B. from C. in D. over 2. A. mute deaf B. mute deafs C. deaf mute D. deaf mutes 3. A. speak B. speaking C. speech D. spoke 4. A. commerce B. commercial C. commercially D. commercialize V. Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into one sentence, using (not)+adj+enough My sister is old. She can drive a car. A My sister is old enough to drive a car. This coat isn’t warm. Mary doesn’t wear it in the winter A This coat isn’t warm for Mary to wear in the winter. She is beautiful and intelligent (th«ng minh). She can become Miss World. Mr Robinson isn’t rich. He can’t buy a house. The worker is clever. He can make fine things from wood. He is strong. He can carry that suitcase. The fire isn’t very hot. It won’t boil a kettle. The ladder wasn’t very long. It didn’t reach the window. You are not old. You can’t have a front-door key. He didn’t have much money. He couldn’t live on it. The weather was fine. We could go camping. Those apples aren’t ripe. Peter can’t eat them. The ice is quite thick. They can walk on it. It was very hot. You could fry an egg on the pavement (vØa hÌ). The weather is very cold. The farmers can’t work on the farm. VI. Give the correct form of the verbs in the blankets: Vegetarians (not eat) meat What you (do) every night? – I (go) to my aunt’s house. He (listen) to music after school. Most rivers (flow) into the sea. My father sometimes (buy) vegetables at this market. They (go) fishing on Sunday. 7. Water (boil) ..... 1000C. FOR CLASS 8A VII. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. 1. Peter is too young to see the horror film. à Peter is not.. 2. Her hair is long and black. à She has .. 3. The theater is near Hoa’s house. à The theater isn’t . 4. I’ll telephone you tomorrow evening. à I’ll make . 5. How about going to the movie tonight? à Let’s . Period 2: Revision Prepare: 13/ 9/ 2009 Teach: / 9/ 2009 Classes: 8A, 8B A.Objectives. Ss review the following knowledge and then do exercises. 1. Be going to : dự định We use “be going to” to express plans or intentions in the near future, it is sure to happen. For example We are going to practice piano for two hours this evening. She is going to travel abroad tomorrow. We also use “ be going to ” to predict. For example Oh, look ! it is going to rain. Look out, she is going to faint. They are going to be married next May. S + Be (am/is/are) + going to + Bare infinitive 2. Adverbs of place. We use adverbs of place to show the direction or position of people or things. For example He is not outside; Maybe he is inside. They do not play football here; perhaps, they play there. She is not upstairs; it is possible that she is downstairs. Outside: bên ngoài Inside: bên trong Here: ở đây There : ở đó Upstairs: ở trên lầu Downstairs: ở dưới lầu We can also use prepositon phrases to show place: in, on, at, behind, in front of, to the left of, to the right of, on the right, on the left. For example We are sitting in the room. She stays at home The book is on the desk. She stands behind me Put the chairs in front of the board. Grow flowers to the left of the house. Keep standing on the right. 3. C©u hái ®¸p ®Æc ®iÓm cña ai ®ã. - What does she look like? – She is slim and beautiful. She has full lips and a small nose. - What do they look like? – They are big and tall. They have short brown hair. For class 8 a 4. TrËt tù cña c¸c Adj. Adj quan ®iÓm (beautiful, ugly...) --> Adj kÝch th­íc (small, big...) --> Adj tuæi (old, young..) --> Adj h×nh d¸ng (tall, straight...) --> Adj mµu s¾c (red, black...) --> Adj xuÊt xø (Vietnamese..) --> Adj chÊt liÖu (cotton, nylon ...) --> Danh tõ I. Choose the word having the underlined letters pronounced differently. 1. a. permitted b. intended c. missed d. invented 2. a. last b. make c. take d. date 3. a. energy b. prefer c. envelope d. level 4. a. boring b. holding c. most d. go II. Choose the best answer Each of us a different character. a. have b. is having c. has d. are having A cat is lying a rug. a. in b. on c. under d. over There is a bookshelf ..the let of the room. a. at b. in c. on d. of What was wrong with you ? Why .go to the hospital ? a. had to you b. did you have to c. must you d. did you must Do you any help ? a. want b. have c. wish d. need Let’s ..the graduation ceremony in a beautiful restaurant ! a. celebrate b. celebrating c. celebrated d. celebrates My mother told me to study .. a. hardly b. good c. bad d. hard There are ..stars in the sky in the evening. a. count b. countless c. counted d. counting We’ll organize a party .May 27th. a. between b. in c. on d. at It Lan 20 minutes to go to school by bike. a. take b. will take c. is taking d. takes III. Arrange the following words into a complete sentence. He / study / ought / harder / to. He / telephone / invented / 1877 / in / the / first. Thu / interested / singing / in / very / is . The weather / enough / fine / is / for them / a picnic / to have / in the countryside. They / going / are / to / build / a / school / new / in my neighborhood. I / think / shouldn’t / you / put / into the electric socket / the knife. Viet / in the center / lives / of / Hanoi. He / his / loves / room / much / very. For class 8a IV. Arrange the adjectives in brackets in the correct order. Mrs Thanh has (black/ long / straight) hair. A Mrs Thanh has long straight black hair. It is a (wooden / round) table. She is wearing a (green / new / beautiful) dress. What a (sunny / lovely) day! My uncle lives in a (old / lovely / small) house. That girl has (blue / nice / big) eyes. He gave me (black / leather- da thuéc) gloves. My teacher has a (round / pink / small) face. It’s a (small / metal / black) box. This box is (white / heavy) III. Use the correct form of the verbs. I’ve made up my mind. I (change) my job. What you (do) this weekend? I’m not sure yet. What you (wear) at the party on Saturday? I haven’t decided yet, what about you? You (wear) your new black dress? Nga and Hoa (see) a movie tonight. He decided he (not leave) school this summer. What you (do) next summer vacation? – I (visit) my grandfather in Nha Trang. My parents (come) here on Sunday. Would you like to meet them? Sue can (speak) Vietnamese very well. Mozart (write) more than 600 pieces of music. We usually (go) to the library three times a week, but last week we (go) twice. Alexander Graham Bell (introduce) the telephone in 1876. Yesterday I (be) busy, so I (not / have) time to phone you. Would you like (come) to dinner tomorrow? Nam (write) a letter to his friends at the moment. REVISION 3 Prepare: 13/ 9/ 2009 Teach: / 9/ 2009 Classes: 8A, 8B A.Objectives. Ss review the following knowledge and then do exercises. I. Reflexive pronouns We use reflexive pronouns to emphasize for Subject’s actions. It can stand after main verb or object of main verb. For example He himself answered the phone, not his secretary. He answered the phone himself. Reflexive pronoun usually refer to the subject of a sentence. He looked at himself in the mirror. If we put reflexive pronoun after “ by ”, it means “ alone ”. She lives by herself. You must sleep by yourself tonight. The summary of reflexive pronouns I myself ( tự tôi ) You yourself ( tự bạn ) He himself ( tự anh ấy ) She herself (tự cô ấy ) It itself ( tự nó ) You yourselves ( tự các bạn ) We ourselves ( tự chúng ta ) They themselves ( tự bọn họ ) II. Modals: must, have to, ought to, should, may, can, could. Must and have to both express necessity. It has the same meaning “ phải ” For example. All students must take the term exam. All students have to take the term exam. (There is no other choice. The exam is required.) In everyday statements of necessary, have to is used more commonly than must. Must is usually stronger than have to and can indicate urgency or stress importance. For example. I’m looking for Sue. I have to talk to her about our lunch date tomorrow. I can’t meet her for lunch because I have to go to a business meeting at 1:00. Where is Sue ? I must talk to her right away. I have an urgent message for her. Should and ought to have the same meaning “ nên ”: they express advisability. For example. You should study harder. You ought to study harder. Drivers should obey the speed limit. Drivers ought to obey the speed limit. Can (có thể) usually expresses the idea that something is possible because certain characteristics or conditions exist. Can is also used to combine possibility and ability. For example. Tom is strong. He can lift that heavy box. I can play the piano. I’ve taken lessons for many years. You can see fish at an aquarium. That race car can go very fast. - For class 8a May also has the same meaning as can, but its degree is less than 50 % certain. For example. I can walk to school. It’s not far. I may walk to school. Or I may take the bus. In affirmative sentences about past ability, could usually mean “ used to be able to”. The use of could usually indicates that the ability existed in the past but does not exist now. When I was younger, I could run fast. Could can be used to make suggestions. Why don’t we go on a picnic? We could go on a picnic. Modals + bare infinitive B. EXERCISES. I. Complete the following sentences with have to or must. 1. We ..................................... buy some food. We’ve got nothing for dinner. My hair is dirty. I...................................... wash it. You can’t always have things immediately. You................................. be patient (kiªn nhÉn). These cakes are very nice. You .........................................have one. Come on! We ...........................................hurry. We haven’t got much time. This letter is very important. You.......................................... read it. We.............................................take an umbrella. It’s going to rain. The windows are very dirty. I....................................... clean them. At the end of the course, all the students...........................................do a test. 10. He doesn’t understand much English, so I.................................speak very slowly to him. II. Make questions for the underlined words. Their guests left for home because it was very late. Mr. and Mrs. Thanh are going to go to Brazil next year. The secretary gave Mr. Green a lot of information. The two men returned to the office at three o’clock. My mother often goes to work by bus. Her sister bought three pairs of stocking yesterday. We must do all our homework in the evening. III. Complete each sentence using a suitable Reflexive pronouns Bill fell down some steps but fortunately he didn’t hurt ............................................................. badly. Don’t worry about Tim and me. We can look after ............................................................. . They had a great time. They really enjoyed ............................................................. . Look at the picture on the wall. I drew it ............................................................. . This exercise isn’t very difficult. Do it ............................................................. . My brother can repair the bicycle ............................................................. . My sister often looks at ............................................................. in the mirror. Both boys taught ............................................................. to swim. The dog hurt ............................................................ when it jumped over the fence. 10. You will cut ............................................................ with that knife if you are not careful. IV. Choose the word having the underlined letters pronounced differently. 1. a. four b. flour c. resource d. pour a. nice b. kind c. think d. fine a. wanted b. laughed c. looked d. missed a. who b. which c. while d. where V. Choose the best answer Tom ..two packets of cigarettes a day. a. smoke b. is smoking c. smoked d. smokes Three hours not enough to finish the test. a. are b. is c. was d. were There was a big .after the World War II. a. emigrate b. emigrating c. emigration d. emigrates You ought to stop computer games. a. to play b. playing c. played d. plays Last night, I watched the movie Romeo and Juliet. At last, they killed .. a. together b. each other c. themselves d. themselves You seem .today. a. happy b. happiness c. happily d. unhappily He will be ..home .Sunday morning. a. at / on b. from / in c. at / from d. to / until I enjoyed listening ..the radio when I was a child. a. to b. on c. up d. at The girl sitting .my father and Michael is my little sister. a. on b. next c. between d. in In Britain, people drive .the left..the street. a. on / in b. to / of c. in / in d. in / of She isn’t used to .part in social activities. a. a. take b. taking c. took d. takes Can we .at yor house and go to the party together ? a. meet b. come c. see d. find VI. Arrange the following words into a complete sentence. Mr. Quang / in / now / his / office/ is. You / use / should / electricity / economically. It / water / isn’t / necessary / for him / to / that tree / everyday. They / going / to / are / see / movies / tonight. He / proud / his wife / of / is. The sun / in / rises / the east / and / in the west / sets. VII. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. Would you like (leave) .a message ? 2. Let’s ask him (phone) .me this afternoon. 3. I ( receive) .a letter from my old friend last week. 4. You ought to (do) .more exercises. 5. You must (cover) .electrical sockets so that children do not try to put anything into them. 6. It is safe (keep) .medicine in locked cupboards. Revision 4 Prepare: 27/ 9/ 2009 Teach: 1/ 10/ 2009 Classes: 8A, 8B A. Objectives. Ss practice doing exercises B. Exercises. I. Read the following passage and answer the questions Alexander Graham Bell was born in 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He moved to Canada and then to the USA in the 1870s. In America, he worked with deaf-mutes at Boston University. Soon, Bell started experimenting with ways of transmitting speech over a long distance. This led to the invention of the telephone.Thomas Watson was Bell's assistant. Bell and Watson introduced the telephone in 1876. Bell demonstrated his invention at a lot of exhibitions. He died in 1922. 1) When was Alexander Graham Bell born? ......................................................................................... 2) When did he move to the USA? ........................................................................................ 3) Who was Thomas Watson? ......................................................................................... 4) When did Bell invent the telephone ? ........................................................................................ 5) when did he die? ........................................................................................ II. Match the questions or statements in column A with the answers in column B A B Answer 1. Why didn't Nam come to the party? 2. Why were you late? 3. Why did Ha fail her English test? 4. I am tired. You ought to take a day off Because she played games too much. Because he had a lot of homework to do. Because we missed the first bus. 1 2 3 4 III. Choose the most suitable words or phrases to fill the blanks. The children are old enough to look after a. themselves b. ourselves c. herself d. for themselves We ought the wardrobe in the corner opposite the bed. a. put b. push c. to put d. to push The calendar is the clock, the picture and the lamp. a. on / next to b. under / between c. behind / between d. above / on 4. Don't come in. Please wait for your turn. a. inside b. downstairs c. outside d. upstairs IV. Do as directed 1. He is tall. He can play basketball. (using adj +enough to +infinitive) 2. The sun (rise)_______________in the east and (set)_____________in the west .(supply the correct verbs form) 3. Please help me. I can’t do it _____________.(Fill a correct reflexive pronoun) 4. Van has a lot of homework in Math and she is going to have Math tomorrow. (Rewrite using Be going to ) =>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.Hoa failed her English test because she didn’t study hard.(Make question for und erlined words) => Why. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. 6.I failed my English test.(rewrite using the words given) ->You ought to. V. Write a paragraph about Nhat, using the information in the box. Name: Trinh Gia Linh Age: 13 Appearance: tall, fat, long black hair Characters: sociable, helpful, kind Address: 27 Le Hong Phong Street, Chau Duc District Friends: Lan, Thanh, Nhi Family: mother, father and younger sister, Ngan Her name is Revision 5 Prepare: 11/10/ 2009 Teach: 17/ 10/ 2009 Classes: 8A, 8B A. Objectives Students review the following knowledge and do exercises 1. Past simple tense: “Used to” We use “ used to ” to express the past habits. But now they don’t exist any longer. For example. When she was a little girl, she used to swim in this river. When we were in grade 7, we used to play soccer. Used to (thường) + Bare infinitive 2. Prepositions of time: “ in , on, at, after, before, between ” In + (second / minute / hour / day / week / month / seasons / year ) In 20 seconds, she will leave here. They start working in spring and end in summer. She always gets up at 5.00 in the morning. I was born in 1978. On + (holidays / days in a week / date) We are going to have a party for my mom on March 8. He has Math on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. At + ( hour time ) Minh goes to sleep at 10.00 p.m. After +(second/minute/hour /day/week/month/seasons/year) before +(second/minute/hour /day/week/month/seasons/year) After 20 seconds, she will leave here. They start working before Spring and end after Summer. She always gets up after 5.00 . Between ..and ... They will build my house between January and September. B. Exercises I. Find one word whose underlined part is pronounce differently from the others 1. A.novel B.movie C.lock D.socket 2. A.couch B.around C.ought D.house 3. A.cupboard B.drug C.dust D.put 4. A.knife B.children C.kind D.behind 5. A.cushion B.rug C.push D.include 6. A.reading B.seat C.bread D.steamer 7. A.cover B.over C.stove D.hold II. Complete these sentences with used to or didn’t use to 1. I ................................................. (go swimming) but now I don’t go swimming any more. 2. My father gave up smoking two years ago. He ............................................ (smoke) a packet of cigarettes a day. 3. There ................................................ (be) a movie theater here but it closed a long time ago. 4. Mr An ................................................... (not/drink) coffee when he was young but he likes it now. 5. Peter ......................................................... (have) a motorbike, but last month he sold it and bought a car. 6. I ........................................................ (not/like) her but we are best friends now. 7. They came to live in the city last year. They ...................................................... (live) in a small village in the country. 8. My sister ......................................................... (play) tennis a lot but she doesn’t play very often now. 9. When I was a child I .......................................................... (not study) hard. 10. We ........................................................... (not/go) for a picnic last year. III. Use “used to” to describe the changes: She always gets up early in the morning. She used to get up late 5 years ago. There are so many tall buildings in the center now. -->............................................................................................ People are much richer these days. -->................................................................................... There is much more traffic now. -->.......................................................................................... People take holidays abroad these days. -->........................................................................................................ People spend more money on entertainment nowadays. -->......................................................................................................... People don’t smoke a lot these days. -->.................................................................................................... People do exercise regularly these days. -->..................................................................................................... IV. Choose the best answer to complete the sentences. 1. We ought ................ the cushions o

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